Volume 17: Pages 24-40, 2004
Alternative Interpretation of Nature by Space Invariance
Electrical Engineering Department, Lee‐Ming Institute of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
Space invariance seems to have a physical origin. It can unify the fundamental laws of physics. The light operator, like light velocity, is invariant. Using Aristotle's time definition, the time part of the light‐invariant operator can be replaced with various motions to solve continuous functions in a closure set (group) of independent elements, squarely complementing each other like elements in a complex function. This invariance matches the closure set (group) natively, unlike the no‐go theorem problem in quantum field theory. The behavior of single particles limited to this set is summarized by four universal processes, and the fundamental physical laws are produced. Both Einstein's special relativity and Newton's gravitation can be correlated by this invariance. From space invariance we can deduce new relationships among the electron, proton, and neutron; make the order of universal forces consistent; and answer the questions associated with current theories. The continuous functions are also applied to the thermal aspect. The meaning of temperature is given. The classical and canonical results are solved, including the partition function, which has central importance in thermo‐dynamics. These continuous functions can represent the phase transformation on a single‐particle scale. The difference between the continuous function and the distribution wave‐packet formed using Feynman's approach is that the former represents an exact function of one particle while the latter comes from the uncertainty principle (ΔE Δt ≥ ħ). We obtain momentum and angular momentum distributions, using the uncertainty principle, from the second‐order term Δr Δθ, which is neglected in the atomic continuous function in transition.
Keywords: space invariance, time definition, continuous function, four universal processes, coupling, gravitation, special relativity, magnetic origin, charge definition, temperature definition, partition function, chain, phase transformation, Feynman's approach, uncertainty principle
Received: October 1, 2002; Published online: December 15, 2008