Volume 22: Pages 318-324, 2009
Huygens’ principle and the Michelson–Morley experiment: Reconsidering the ether hypothesis
Martin Hunter 1
1Department of Biomedical Engineering, Tufts University, 4 Colby St., Room 235, Medford, Massachusetts 02155, USA
The Huygens principle is applied to the propagation of plane waves from a uniformly moving source in an ideal, inviscid fluid. This simple dynamical model is shown to be consistent with the special relativistic phenomena of stellar aberration and time dilation, and can account for the null result in the Michelson–Morley experiment. These findings are consistent with the four-vector properties of linear acoustic fields, and suggest a reconsideration of ether models for electromagnetic wave propagation.
Keywords: Huygens’ Principle, Michelson–Morley, Ether, Special Relativity, Four-Vector, Acoustic Lorentz Invariance
Received: May 5, 2008; Accepted: May 26, 2009; Published Online: July 21, 2009