4. Horace R. Drew, The Electron as a Four‐Dimensional Helix of Spin‐1/2 Symmetry

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Volume 12: Pages 649-661, 1999

The Electron as a FourDimensional Helix of Spin1/2 Symmetry

Horace R. Drew

125 Charles Street, Putney 2112, New South Wales, Australia

The structure of an electron is discussed here in terms of an object of finite size near 10−13m, which moves internally or “spins” at speed c as a doubly rotating, fourdimensional helix. While some might object to such a model on principle because they imagine the world to be made of three dimensions of space and a separate dimension of time, it seems as if a fourdimensional model for the electron, which is continuous through time, can explain many of its properties that otherwisecould not be clearly understood. For example, an electron by this scheme will repel itself electrically by 1/137 of mc2 across the helix through space, or by 1/(137 × 2 π) of mc2 along the helix through time. The first small selfenergy explains why any electron should show a finite probability to emit or absorb light as 1/137. The second small selfenergy explains why any electron should show an anomalous magnetism of 1 + 1/(137 × 2π). Furthermore, due to its symmetry of spin 1/2, a fourdimensional electron will move internally with twice the radius about its magnetic versus electrical axes, to give twice the magnetism or g = 2. Several other models are also considered in terms of their relative degree of agreement with experiment. Lastly, the general plausibility of finite models for the electron is discussed in terms of an “intrinsic” rather than a “lightsignal” view of special relativity.

Keywords: electron structure, fourdimensional helix, counting time by spin, intrinsic versus lightsignal relativity, finite electrical selfrepulsions, spin1/2 symmetry, problems with Lorentz covariance

Received: February 27, 1998; Published online: December 15, 2008